Future Plans for Primary Education
Bangladesh has not only achieved the goals set on the basis of Jomtein Declaration but in many cases has exceeded the targets. In the last decade of the last century the main thrust was more or less on quantitative expansion of primary education. From the later part of the last decade the emphasis has been shifted to both quality and quantity. The present thrust is mainly on quality.
The Government of Bangladesh (GOB) has made commitments in the World Education Forum (Dakar, April 2000) towards achievement of Education For All goals and targets for every citizen by the year 2015. The Dakar Framework for Action relates to attainment of the following goals:
I. expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children;
II. ensuring that by 2015 all children, with special emphasis on girl, children in difficult circumstances and from ethnic minorities have access to and complete free and compulsory primary education of good quality
III. ensuring that the learning needs of all young people adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life skills programmes
IV. achieving a 50 percent improvement in levels of adult literacy by 2015, especially for women, and equitable access to basic and continuing education for all adults
V. eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with a focus on ensuring girls full and equal access to and achievements in basic education of good quality
VI. improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all so that recognized and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills
In line with that, taking the Dakar Framework for Active as the basis, the country has prepared a National Plan of Action for EFA (draft) with a specific set of goals to be achieved by 2015. The National Plan of Action for Education for All 2003-2015 embraces all the goals of EFA for making education accessible and provided for all.
All on going projects for quantitative expansion and qualitative improvement of primary education will be completed by June 2004. The country has prepared “Primary Education Development Programme-II” (PEDP-II) on the basis of Dakar Framework and proposed National Plan of Action (NPA). The main objectives and purpose of the PEDP-II (2003-2008) are as follows:
Key Objectives of PEDP-II are to:
I. Increase primary school access, participation and completion in accordance with Government's Policy related to EFA and other commitments.
II. Improve the quality of student learning and performance outcomes (i.e.)
The Purposes of PEDP-II are to:
I. Improve the quality of the education provision to all children. Although at present is planned that the most direct interventions will be introduced in GPS and RNGPS, there, there will be interventions that impact all children in all schools.
II. Improve education opportunities for all children of primary school age, including the opportunities for children with special needs.
III. Promulgate and advance key educational reforms, especially:
Definition and implementation of a minimum standard of educational services of Primary School Quality level (PPSQL), that focuses on access to educational service and the quality of education provides.
The designation and formation of a Primary Education service providing an appropriate career and promoting structure for primary teachers and others with primary education expertise and experience
Organization capacity building and systemic change, consistent with a policy of increased devolution of authority and responsibility, to ensure improved management, and monitoring, and sustainability of interventions made under PEDEP I and PEDP II.